Lathe machining is part of machining, producting.It is on the lathe that the shape and size of the blank are changed by the rotational motion of the workpiece and the linear or curved motion of the tool, and it is processed to meet the requirements of the drawings.
Turning is a method of cutting a workpiece on a lathe using a workpiece relative to the tool rotation. The cutting energy for turning machining is mainly provided by the workpiece rather than the tool. Turning is the most basic and common cutting method and plays an important role in production. Turning is suitable for machining rotary surfaces. Most workpieces with rotary surfaces can be machined by turning, such as inner and outer cylindrical surfaces, inner and outer conical surfaces, end faces, grooves, threads and rotary forming surfaces. The tools used are mainly turning tools.
Among all types of metal cutting machine tools, lathes are the most widely used category, accounting for about 50% of the total number of machine tools. The lathe can be used for turning workpieces with turning tools, drilling, reaming, tapping and knurling with drills, reamers, taps and knurling knives. According to the characteristics of the process, layout and structural characteristics, lathes can be divided into horizontal lathes, floor lathes, vertical lathes, turret lathes and profiling lathes, most of which are horizontal lathes.
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